romans 2 commentary john piper

To sum up, Paul is saying: Since God will impartially judge everyone for sinning against what they know to be right, everyone is guilty and thus everyone needs the gospel. But don’t let this be a fascinating brain-teaser without applying it: How much light have you received? Revelation 2:1-7 What John was commanded to write in commendation or reproof to the angels of the churches of Ephesus, Revelation 2:8-11 Smyrna, Revelation 2:12-17 Pergamos, Revelation 2:18-29 Thyatira. As is normal for me, I draw on a number of different resources in preparing for my teaching. 118-122; Thomas Schreiner, Romans [Baker], loc. God’s Righteous Judgment. Web Page by Timothy J Keller. In the video below, Pastor John Piper recites two of the most glorious passages in all of Scripture (Romans 5:1-8 and Romans 8) from memory. God has fixed the day (Acts 17:31). There are two main views, going back into the verses that we covered in 2:6-11. That is to say, if anyone actually could persevere in doing good and obeying the Law, he would be saved by his obedience. When we do, we justify it by various arguments. The conscience is not an infallible guide, but we should never go against our conscience. Nevertheless I say to you that it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for you.”. Who is a True Jew? The Gentiles, who did not have the Law, will be judged apart from the Law. was a ground-breaking work when first written, and today it is still highly valued for its scholarship. PDF by Thomas R Schreiner. Romans 12:3-8 - Using Our Gifts in Proportion to Our Faith, Part 3 Web Page by John Piper Studies in Romans 12: The Christian's Sacrifice and Service of Praise The connection is that the present work of the conscience in either accusing or defending the sinner will reach its climax on the final day of judgment, when God will judge even the secrets of men by His righteous standards. Rather, he is pointing out the obvious fact that even pagans, who have had no exposure to God’s revealed Law, have a built-in sense of right and wrong that coincides with God’s Law. Paul is referring to the fact that almost all cultures believe that murder, stealing, rape, assault, etc. For there is no partiality with God: The word translated partiality comes from two ancient Greek words put together – to receive and face. The word for "another" is the word heteros. Another Look at Romans 2. John Piper Nov 22, 1998 109 Shares Sermon. ), “With deep love to the souls of men, I bear witness to the truth that he who turns not with repentance and faith to Christ, shall go away into punishment as everlasting as the life of the righteous.” We need to understand the bad news of judgment in order to appreciate the good news of salvation through faith in Christ. ; Schreiner, The Law and Its Fulfillment [Baker], pp. We know God’s ways as revealed in His Law, but they don’t!” Or, perhaps a Gentile would object, “It’s not fair for God to judge me for disobeying a standard that I knew nothing about! The connection between verses 15 & 16 is not obvious, which has led some to put either verses 13-15 (KJV) or 14-15 (NIV) in parenthesis. “For” shows that Paul is explaining verse 11, “For there is no partiality with God.” Verse 12 means that God will judge each person according to the light that he was given. If not, what kind of judgment will you face when you stand before God? JBMW 7:2 (Fall 2002) p. 79. For there is no partiality with God. That is a scary thought! Have you responded to the light you have received by repenting of your sins and trusting in Jesus Christ as your Savior and Lord? Why/why not? We are not saved on the basis of our good deeds, but our good deeds necessarily show the validity of our faith (James 2:18-26). PDF by Lee Irons. Works are the inevitable and essential proof of saving faith (Eph. The Paperback Bible presents the Bible by the Book and is designed to be portable, readable, and truly personal with ample margins for notations. Copyright, Steven J. Cole, 2010, All Rights Reserved. But, if there is no judgment for all sin, then there is no need for a Savior and thus no good news (Morris, p. 129; Spurgeon, p. 383). John Piper devoted an entire sermon on these verses to answer the … Hearing the Law doesn’t put you in God’s favor ahead of the Gentiles, who have not heard the Law. Nothing will escape His penetrating gaze on judgment day. Why is it important to emphasize that God will judge our secrets (2:16)? But He did not do that! If we believe that, we’d better be ready! (In defending this interpretation, I have relied on Frederic Godet, Commentary on Romans [Kregel], pp. But they often disobey what they know to be right, so that their conscience condemns them. No one can earn right standing before God by good works. From 1977-1992 he was the pastor of Lake Gregory Community Church in Crestline, California. But their judgment will be lighter than that of the people of Chorazin, Bethsaida, and Capernaum, who witnessed Jesus’ miracles, but still rejected Him. Moo’s commentary on Romans is massive, just a bit over 1000 pages. by showing how even pagans have this sense of right and wrong. Some argue that Paul is referring here to saved Gentiles who obey the Law and thus are justified. Rather, because they had trusted in God and received His mercy, they became consistent doers of the Law. True, says the other camp, but genuine saving faith always results in a life of obedience to God’s Word (Eph. Woe to you, Bethsaida! Scripture: Romans 2:6–10. Spurgeon rightly argues (p. 384) that if we do not preach the coming judgment and wrath of God, we do not preach the gospel at all. ... Sermon Manuscripts and Commentaries. Some ancient rabbis taught that God … Those who are doers of God’s Word will be acquitted and go to heaven. What arguments support that 2:13 is not hypothetical, but rather describes the direction of life of those who are saved? A person’s works reveal the reality of his faith. He goes on (2:28-29) to specify that he is not talking about outward observance of the Law only, but rather, obedience from the heart. He described Himself as the judge of all! Editor’s Note: The following sermon was preached by John Piper at Bethlehem Baptist Church in Minneapolis, Minnesota, on March 14, 1999. Their deeds proved that they would be justified on judgment day. Yet most people today have never heard of John Gill. The issue is, doing it. Why is the conscience not a totally reliable guide? Unless otherwise noted, all Scripture Quotations are from the New American Standard Bible, Updated Edition © The Lockman Foundation, Related Topics: Hamartiology (Sin), Soteriology (Salvation), Steve served as the pastor of Flagstaff Christian Fellowship from May, 1992 through his retirement in December, 2018. It is not infallible in that it needs to be informed by Scripture, not just by what our culture may think is right or wrong, or by what we may instinctively feel is right or wrong. 2 Now we know that God’s judgment against those who do such things is based on truth. View the entire commentary, New International Version (NIV), Gain a concise, fundamental grasp of what the Bible is all about with our new, Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible, Romans: A Bible Commentary in the Wesleyan Tradition, 1, 2, 3 John, The Crossway Classic Commentaries. 3:20). But, there is a problem: Even though we all have this built-in sense of right and wrong, we all have violated our own standards. So God can’t be accused of partiality. Should we ever go against our conscience? The gospel does not offer you the option of going on in your sin or shrugging it off as if it will not come under judgment if you do not repent. But God knows every secret thought we have and private sin that we do. Paul is not saying that the Gentiles instinctively know all of the stipulations of the Mosaic Law. Their conscience was not reliable. But no one is able to do it, so no one can be justified by keeping God’s Law (Rom. 3:8). Paul is anticipating a Jewish objection, “But surely God will treat us more favorably than the pagan Gentiles. As Romans 3:20 says, “by the works of the Law no flesh will be justified in His sight.” Paul’s argument in Romans 1:18-3:20 is that all have sinned and thus all need God’s saving grace through the gift of His Son, who died to redeem sinners who trust in Him. You will descend to Hades; for if the miracles had occurred in Sodom which occurred in you, it would have remained to this day. John Piper contorts the meaning of Romans 13 December 24, 2015 August 2, 2020 LibertyEconomics John Piper, who has done some great work rebutting Word-Faith doctrine, takes a position on guns and the state that I believe is inconsistent with Scripture. Romans 2:13: Is Paul Coherent? It needed to be informed by the unchanging standard of God’s Word. “For when Gentiles who do not have the Law do instinctively the things of the Law, these, not having the Law, are a law to themselves, in that they show the work of the Law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness and their thoughts alternately accusing or else defending them, …”. Because (as we saw last week) this is the consistent teaching of all of Scripture, Paul is not talking here about something hypothetical. Those who witnessed Jesus’ miracles and yet rejected Him will be judged more harshly than those in Tyre, Sidon, and Sodom, who never heard about Jesus. Romans 2:2 says, "And we know that the judgment of God rightly falls upon those who practice such things." Jesus made the astounding claim (John 5:22-23), “For not even the Father judges anyone, but He has given all judgment to the Son, so that all will honor the Son even as they honor the Father.” There couldn’t be a clearer claim to deity than that! Thus they tie verse 16 back either to verse 12 or verse 13. His line of reasoning goes like this: The Gentile sinned without the Law, so he will perish without the Law. Another variation of the question is, “Won’t those who have done the best that they could do get into heaven?”, In Romans 2:12-16, Paul is establishing the point of verse 11, “For there is no partiality with God.” God will judge everyone with perfect justice. Part 2. Like many of the newer contributions to the NICNT series, this commentary on Romans engages the Greek text, making exegetical observations primarily in the footnotes. “Woe to you, Chorazin! From His mouth comes a sharp sword to strike down the nations. Justification is only through faith in Christ, apart from works (Rom. He is not referring to the promise of the New Covenant, when God’s Law will be written on the heart of believers (Jer. We would be like a surgeon who didn’t want to tell his patient that he is ill. So Paul shows that God will impartially judge everyone for sinning against the light that they were given. He graduated from Dallas Theological Seminary (Th.M., 1976 in Bible exposition) and Califo... More, 4. It means to judge things on the basis of externals or preconceived notions. I am teaching on Romans 12:1-2 in a Sunday morning bible study at my church. His eyes are a flame of fire. Chapter Introduction Some things are to be observed of all the epistles, before we come to the particular epistles. The Epistle to the Romans (2 vols.) 30:6. He knows the hidden prideful motives, even when we outwardly serve Him. He hopes to heal him without his knowing that he was sick. 31:33; Heb. The Jews, who received God’s Law, will be judged by that Law. The Jew sinned under the Law and so he will be judged by the Law (2:12). The Failure of Religion. I find that too many of these notes are simply the Greek word. The Gentiles who sinned without the Law will perish, which refers to eternal condemnation. 2:8-10). The Jews thought themselves a holy people, entitled to their privileges by right, while they were unthankful, rebellious, and unrighteous... As we saw last time (and will see again today), we can only live in obedience to God if we have experienced the new birth through faith in Christ. They heard it read every week in their synagogues. In John Piper’s longest and most memorable sermon series, he tracks the magisterial epistle of the apostle Paul to the Romans — the greatest letter ever written. Fourth, this final judgment is according to Paul’s gospel. But, while that is clear, there are reasons to argue that Paul is not talking here about hypothetical perfect obedience, which no one can do, but rather about a direction of obedience, which those who have been born of God’s Spirit do practice consistently. Rather, he brings up the Gentiles to show his Jewish readers that having the Law and occasionally obeying it are not enough. Scripture: Romans 2:1–5. Romans 2 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by John Calvin, helps you experience his lasting impact on Christian theology and thought Their consciences and thoughts convict them of their guilt (2:15). In Revelation 19:11-15, He returns on a white horse to judge and wage war. And so are we, if we do not warn people about God’s impartial, certain judgment of our every secret, and then point them to the good news that Christ offers forgiveness to repentant sinners as their only hope. So, Paul’s argument thus far is that God is not partial to the Jews by giving them the Law, because He will judge everyone based on the light that they were given (2:12); and, hearing the Law only does not justify anyone; we must be doers of the Law (2:13). These Jews were condemning everybody, but they were living a lifestyle that was worthy of death and destined for judgment. Finally, “… on the day when, according to my gospel, God will judge the secrets of men through Jesus Christ.”. ... Scripture: Romans 2:6–10. At first glance, this doesn’t sound like good news! Rather, when he says that “the work of the Law [is] written on their hearts,” he probably means, what the Law does, namely, teaching the difference between right and wrong (H. C. G. Moule, The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges [Cambridge University Press, 1903], p. 71). To recap, in answer to the objection that God’s judgment is unfair because He gave the Jews the Law, Paul says, “No, God will judge everyone by the light they have been given and sinned against. Nevertheless I say to you, it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the day of judgment than for you. But, note carefully: Both groups have sinned and both groups will be judged for their sin. Commentaries for Romans Chapter 2 The Jews could not be justified by the law of Moses, any more than the Gentiles by the law of nature. Whether a person had God’s Law or not, he will stand guilty before God on that day. Jesus taught the same thing in a passage that boggles your brain as you try to grasp it. 16:27; John 5:22, 24-29). And if you don’t believe it, that does not mean that it will not happen! Paul’s great letter to the Romans ends with a doxology — a moment of praise. Casting away the body of sin. COMMENTARY ON ROMANS 8:28-39. In Luke 1:6, it says of John the Baptist’s parents, Zacharias and Elizabeth, “They were both righteous in the sight of God, walking blamelessly in all the commandments and requirements of the Lord.” This does not mean that they were sinlessly perfect, because Zacharias goes on to sin by not believing the word of the angel that they would have a child in their old age. If you’ve talked with people about the gospel, you’ve heard the question, “Is God fair to judge those who have never heard about Jesus Christ?” Will they go to hell because they did not believe in Jesus when they never heard of Him? Sometimes they do what they know to be right. It is a series of sermons each about 35-45 minutes long through Paul's letter to the Romans starting with Chapter 1 verse 1 and proceeding to the end of the book. For Christ to sit in judgment on the secrets of all men, He must have infinite knowledge, which only God can have (Charles Hodge, Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans [Eerdmans], p. 58). Web Page by John Piper. Again, many commentators understand Paul here to be speaking hypothetically, in that no one is able to keep God’s Law perfectly or to earn salvation by good works. Rather, he is showing that God’s impartial judgment of all people will be on the basis of their works. This is unfortunate, since his works contain priceless gems of information that are found nowhere except in the ancient writings of the Jews. We can put on a pretty good show towards others. SermonAudio.com - Romans 2 Sermons. 4:4-7), 3. We can impress them with our knowledge of the Bible or our prayers or religiosity. But whatever they may think of themselves, the day is coming when God will judge not only outward deeds, but also the secrets of men through Jesus Christ, in accordance with the gospel (2:16). John Piper Nov 29, 1998 2.6K Shares Sermon. And, although occasionally they may do what is right, they all have sinned against what they know to be right. And, in the case of Sodom, He easily could have had the angels who went there to destroy the city perform enough miracles to bring them to faith. That’s what Paul is describing. Dec 6, 1998. They all hold to a standard of behavior that they expect others to hold to also. Romans 2 Commentary, this large five-volume commentary is still read today and known for its pithy statements and quotable prose View the entire commentary, The apostle directs his discourse to the Jews, and shows of what sins they were guilty, notwithstanding their profession and vain pretensions... He sees the seething anger in your heart, even when you camouflage it. He “will render to each person according to his deeds” (Rom. There are … In Romans 2:26-27, Paul mentions the physically uncircumcised man who keeps the requirements of God’s Law. They are doers of the Law. One camp argues that verses 7, 10, and 13 are hypothetical. (2.) Only those who do God’s Law will be acquitted or justified on judgment day.”. We have to wait until verses 14 & 15 to answer the question, “How could the Gentiles be guilty of sin if they didn’t have the standard of God’s Law to live by?” But the point of verse 12 is that God will judge every person, Gentile or Jew, according to their response to the light that they were given. In Romans 8:4, Paul says that through the cross (8:3), “the requirement of the Law might be fulfilled in us, who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.” In other words, those who have trusted in Christ’s death now walk by the Holy Spirit and thus fulfill God’s Law. With the Gentiles, not having the Law is no excuse. Although the Gentiles did not have God’s Law, they all have an inner sense of right and wrong (2:14). Paul is not saying that a person earns justification by obedience. View the entire commentary, No forms, ordinances, or notions can profit, without regenerating grace, which will always lead to seeking an interest in the righteousness of God by faith... What then, may some say, is the advantage of the Jew, or of the circumcision - That is, those that are circumcised, above the gentiles? So if that isn’t your image of Jesus, you need to change your thinking! And every person has a conscience that condemns him when he violates what he knows to be wrong. Nor does it mean that they somehow would earn eternal life by their blameless obedience. Culture has standards of right and wrong ( 2:14 ) of obedience to God s... Way of life of those who are doers of the Jews guide, but they were living a lifestyle was... Is massive, just a bit over 1000 pages particular epistles secrets of men be accused of partiality Mosaic.. Is showing that God will judge the secrets of men, it will judged! Paul ’ s Law or not, what kind of judgment will you Gal... 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